Being at an optimum level is desirable for the absorption of the vitamins and normal regulatory processes for cell growth, but exceeding the limit is very dangerous. We all should know that Cholesterol is a Silent Killer. It must be in the desired limit according to our doctor’s advice. Our liver is responsible for making cholesterol for the body’s routine activity. We get cholesterol from the foods on a regular basis. Some foods are being mentioned here which consist of Cholesterol. These are as follows;
Cheese, Red Meat, Butter, Fish, Eggs, Dairy Products and Milk all have cholesterol in them.
Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that’s found in all the cells in our body. Our body requires some amount of cholesterol to make hormones, vitamin D, and substances that help you digest foods. It helps to absorb Vitamin D in the body. Your body makes all the cholesterol it needs. It is also very much important to know that Cholesterol is mainly responsible to build the structure of cell membranes which acts as a bidirectional regulator of membrane fluidity. It protects the membrane and raises its melting point, whereas at low temperatures it works like a catalyst between the phospholipids and prevents them from getting accumulated in a cluster form and protects from stiffening.
Cholesterol makes hormones like estrogen, testosterone and adrenal hormones. It helps your metabolism to work efficiently. It is an essential substance for your body to produce vitamin D and its proper absorption as well.
Our body gets some cholesterol from the regular diet, but this has a minor effect on blood cholesterol levels. Cholesterol is a major component of all cell membranes. It is used to cobble together essential molecules such as hormones, fat-soluble vitamins, and bile acids to help you digest your food.
Chemical Composition of Cholesterol
Cholesterol is an organic molecule. It is a sterol, a type of lipid. Cholesterol is biosynthesized by all animal cells and is an essential structural component of animal cell membranes.
IUPAC ID: (3β)-cholest-5-en-3-ol
Molar mass: 386.654 g/mol
Melting point: 148 °C
Boiling point: 360 °C
Soluble in: Ethanol, Acetone, Methanol, Chloroform, Ether, Benzene, Hexane, Isopropyl Myristate
How good and bad cholesterol react in our body?
It is widely known that there are mainly 2 types of cholesterol i.e. Good Cholesterol (HDL) and Bad Cholesterol (LDL). HDL cholesterol behaves like a Gentleman in s simpler term. It helps lower the LDL and protects the Heart from getting damaged. This friendly forager maintains the flow of the blood in the artery. It removes harmful bad cholesterol from where it doesn’t belong. High HDL levels reduce the risk for heart disease — but low levels increase the risk.
The LDL (Bad Cholesterol) is an act as a notorious element and creates a plaque around the coronary arteries which obstructs the blood flow and makes arteries less flexible. The oxygen-rich red corpuscle movements in arteries get obstructed and after some time the situation leads to heart diseases. That’s why we say that Cholesterol is Silent KIller.
Why cholesterol raises^ in your body abruptly?
First of all, it is pertinent to know that the Liver is main part of our body which produces Cholesterol. It has the power to eliminate the excess amount of Cholesterol if we take more attention and keep our diet in a balanced way. Factors which are primarily responsible and have great risk to increase bad cholesterol in your body are as follows;
- Unbalanced Diet. Eating saturated fat, found in animal products, and Trans fats, found in some commercially Baked Cookies, Fried Popcorn, Fried Samosa, and Junk foods can raise your cholesterol level. Foods that are high in cholesterol, such as red meat and full-fat dairy products, will also increase your cholesterol.
- Obesity. If your body mass index (BMI) is of 30 or greater then puts you at risk of high cholesterol. A healthy weight of a normal human being is of 24 BMI or less.
- Lack of workouts. No Workouts or Exercise helps boost your body’s LDL, or “bad,” cholesterol and other elements like triglycerides. Without workouts, the same gets accumulated in our blood which is very dangerous for health. Those who have a sitting job and have less movement in the workplace and subsequently eat in a haphazard way surely invites obesity and many diseases. It helps raise cholesterol in their bodies.
- Smoking – It is one of the major factors which help in increasing Cholesterol in the body. Cigarette smoking damages the walls of your blood vessels, making them more prone to accumulate fatty deposits. Smoking also lowers the level of HDL, or “good,” cholesterol.
- Aging – Once you become older your body’s chemistry changes as the time pass. Your risk of high cholesterol climbs up. For instance, as you age, your liver becomes less able to remove LDL cholesterol and that gets accumulated in the blood gradually which creates hindrances in arteries towards normal blood circulation.
- Diabetes – High blood sugar contributes to higher levels of dangerous Cholesterol called Very-Low-Density Lipoprotein (VLDL) and lower HDL cholesterol. High blood sugar also damages the lining of your arteries.
Foods to help lower cholesterol less oily, foods made with olive oil, Fruits like Avocados, Banana and Apples, and citrus fruits like Lemon and Oranges can help lower cholesterol. You can break down LDL cholesterol eating healthy fats and soluble fiber.
How to maintain optimum levels of Cholesterol in the body?
- Have Green tea twice a day. You can also have Cinnamon,Trikatu mixed with Honey in one cup of water twice a day to lower cholesterol naturally.
- Cherry juice, Cranberry juice, and Sweet lime juice help reduce Cholesterol levels and maintain cardiovascular health in general.
- Eat unsaturated fats and eliminate Trans fats from your regular diet. Take foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids like salmon fish etc. Increase soluble fiber in your daily diet and also take whey protein to be healthy and enjoy Cholesterol free health.
- Eat a low-salt diet that emphasizes fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
- Put a limit while having animal fats and use good fats in moderation.
- Lose extra pounds and maintain a healthy weight.
7. Exercise / YogaAsana on most days of the week for at least 30 minutes. Brisk walking is very good to reduce cholesterol gradually.
8. Drink alcohol in moderation; if at all please manage stress as it acts as a catalyst in increasing your cholesterol level in the body.
So keep doing regular workouts, take healthy foods and stay away from stress to live a healthy life! Say goodbye to Cholesterol !!